It’s really hard trying to identify Bengali birds– local books often have the wrong names, and Western books don’t have the Bengali names. Today for my morning off I decided to research what Bengali and English names go with what bird. I’ve seen all of these birds below, they’re pretty common. Some of the photos are ours, but others are borrowed.

চড়ুই House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

শালিক Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)

besides the crow this is the most common bird in Bangladesh

ফিঙ্গে Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Another common bird with a unique flight which sits on cows and goats alot

দোয়েল Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)

The national bird of Bangladesh, often incorrectly called “nightingale” or magpie

বুলবুল Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)

ছাতারে / সাত ভাই Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striata)

a fat, loping-gaited grey bird

বড় মাছরাঙা White-Breasted Kingfisher (Halcyn smyrensis)

photo: Hosanna
(distinguishable from the smaller common kingfisher by its white throat and red beak)

হাড়িচাঁছা (Rufous Tree-pie) (Dendrocitta vagabunda)

magpie-family bird with brown and grey body, white strip at end of long tail
has loud musical calls making it very conspicuous.

হলদে পাখি Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)

male female

বেনে বৌ Black-Headed Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)

photos: Hosanna

কোকিল Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)

male female
fluty double call; males black and females speckled (Cuckoo family). Most of the cuckoo birds are brood parasites, meaning they lay their eggs in another birds’ nest. Their eggs hatch quickly (12 days), and then the baby proceeds to vault the other babies or birds out of the nest so it gets sole attention from the foster-parents.

বউ কথা কও Brainfever Bird (Hierococcyx varius)

A type of Cuckoo/কোকিল also known as the Hawk-Cuckoo, this is the bird that makes the endlessly repeated tripe call, becoming more frenzied as it rises higher and higher (listen here) Banglapedia: The very name Bau-Kotha-Kou indicates the bereavement call of a husband to his dearest wife. People believe that the bird is the incarnation of that saddened husband. For many people, the name ‘Kokil‘ will conjure a symbol of spring.

কুবো পাখি Coucal (Centropus sinensis)

কাঠ ঠোকরা Golden-backed Woodpecker (Dinopium benghalense)

photo: Hosanna
Has a distinct call that becomes easily recognizeable

টুনটুনি Tailor Bird (Orthotomus sutorius)

a tiny common songbird which ‘sews’ its nest out of folded leaves. Often found in gardens.

নীল টুনি Purple Sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus)

right photo: Hosanna
feeds on nectar and lives in gardens. Also known as বেগুনটুনি, দুর্গাটুনি, নীল টোনা

মৌটুসী Purple-Rumped Sunbird (Nectarinia zeylonica)

Always active, flitting around and making a quiet chirping noise

কাজল পাখি -Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)

The most common shrike in Bangladesh.

কশাই Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)

Photo: Jacob

বাঁশপাতি Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis)

দুধরাজ Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Terpshiphone paradisi)

বাতাসি পাখি Swift
(Apus affinis

There’s also a variant called
Asian Palm Swift (তাল বাতাসি)
আবাবিল Swallow
(Hirundo rustica)

Good Bangla Bird Links: